Question: Air traffic management (ATM) is a system (e.g., NextGen and SESAR) and, as such, inherits a life cycle related to benefits, costs, effectiveness, and other considerations. Present your view as to whether present ATM systems are either in catch-up mode or are securely embarked into futuristic modes for safer and more efficient commercial airline operations. Further, indicate the implications associated with your view about how life cycle components likely will be affected. Explain your rationale and provide at least one scholarly source to support your position.

Answer: The growth and increased passenger demand in the aviation sector have necessitated the need for improved air traffic management systems…….